MAHDAVIYAT

The Belief in Awaited Saviour (a.t.f.s.)

Imam Mahdi’s (a.t.f.s.) similarities with Prophet Moses (a.s.)

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In His Name And With The Remembrance of His Last Proof (a.s.) on Earth

When the mother of Moosa (a.s.) was pregnant with him, her pregnancy did not become apparent on anyone. The situation of Qaim (a.s.) was also same. When his mother was pregnant with him, the pregnancy did not become obvious.

The birth of Moosa (a.s.) was concealed.

Shaykh Sadooq, through the author’s own chain of narrators from Abdullah bin Sinaan that he said: His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Sadiq (a.s.) said: “In the Qaim (a.s.) is a resemblance to Moosa bin Imran. I asked: What is that resemblance to Moosa bin Imran (a.s.)? He replied: His concealed birth and his disappearance from the people. I asked: For how long did Moosa bin Imran remain concealed from the people and his family? He replied: Twenty eight years.”

(Kamaluddin, Vol. 2, Pg. 340)

And the duration of the second disappearance was forty days; Allah, the Mighty and the High says:

“…so the appointed time of his Lord was complete forty nights…”

(Surah Araaf 7:142)

Qaim (a.s.) is also having two occultations. One of them is longer than the other. Moosa (a.s.) was such that the Almighty Allah spoke to him. And He said to him: “Surely I have chosen you above the people with My messages and with My words, therefore take hold of what I give to you and be of the grateful ones.”

(Surah Araaf 7:144)

Qaim (a.s.) is also like this. The Almighty Allah spoke to him when they took him up in the sky. Thus it is narrated in Biharul Anwar from Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) that he said: “When the Almighty Allah bestowed me with the Mahdi of this community he sent two angels who took him to the curtain of the Arsh (throne) till they conveyed him into the presence of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime. The Almighty Allah said to him:

The birth of Qaim (a.s.) was also concealed.

Moosa (a.s.) had two occultations from the people and one occultation was longer than the other. His first occultation was in Egypt and his second occultation was when he went to the Meeqat of his Lord. The duration of his first occultation was twenty eight years. Thus it is mentioned in Kamaluddin

Welcome to you, O My servant for your support of My religion, revealing of the affair and leader

ship of the people. I have sworn that I would take by you and give by you and by you I would forgive and by you I would punish.”

(Biharul Anwar; Vol. 51, Pg. 27)

Moosa (a.s.) went into occultation from his people as well as others, due to the fear of his enemies. Allah, the Mighty and Sublime says:

“So he went forth therefrom, fearing, awaiting…”

(Surah Qasas 28:21)

Qaim (a.s.) has also gone into occultation as a result of the danger of the enemies from his people and others.

When Moosa (a.s.) went into occultation from his people they fell into hardships, calamities and misery and they were disgraced much. So much so that their enemies slew their sons and spared their women (to enslave them).

In the same way during the occultation of Qaim (a.s.) his Shias and followers would have to undergo untold hardships and calamities during his occultation and they would also become downtrodden. So that the Almighty Allah may purify those who bring faith and eliminate the disbelievers.

(Surah Aale Imran 17:141)

In Kamaluddin it is quoted from His Eminence, Baqir (a.s.) that he said in the discussion about the resemblance of Qaim (a.s.) to some Prophets as follows:

“And as for the resemblance to Moosa (a.s.), it is constant fear and prolonged occultation and concealed birth and the hardships and trials of his followers after him as a result of the disgrace that they would have to bear at the hands of their enemies. Till the time Allah, the Mighty and Sublime permits His Eminence to reappear and helps and supports him against his enemies.”

Kamaluddin, Vol. 1, Pg. 327

And it is mentioned in Biharul Anwar from Shaykh Nomani through his own chain of reporters that Amirul Momineen (a.s.) said: “The Shia community will continuously be the like of goats that a grabber does not know which one of them should he put his hand on. They will neither have any dignity to be dignified with nor a source of support to refer to.”

Biharul Anwar; Vol. 51, Pg. 114

And in the same book it is quoted from Amali of the Shaykh that Amirul Momineen (a.s.) said:

“The earth would be fraught with injustice and oppression, so much that one would not utter the name of Allah except secretly.

Then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime will bring a virtuous congregation, who will fill it with equity and justice, as it will be full of oppression and injustice.”

(Biharul Anwar; Vol. 51, Pg. 117)

And in the same book, in the signs of the period of occultation in a lengthy tradition it is narrated from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that he said:

“…and the believer would be seen as sorrowful, disgraced and humiliated. And see that the believer except in his heart is not capable to deny falsehood, and see that our Shias would be associated with falsehood. And their testimony would not be accepted. And see that the rulers would humiliate the believer for the sake of a disbeliever.”

(Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 257&258)

And it is mentioned by Amirul Momineen (a.s.) regarding the conditions of the Shias in that period:

“And by Allah it would not be as you wish, Till the mischief mongers are destroyed and the ignorant ones are broken off from each other and the observers of piety are secure.

(The implication of destruction and security is in the religious sense and not worldly matters.)

They are very few. Till the time that there would not remain for any of you a place to stand. And till the time that you would be considered of lesser value than a cadaver by its owner.”

(Ilzaam an-Naasib, Pg. 229, New Edition, Vol. 2, Pg. 303)

In another tradition it is mentioned that during that time the believer would wish for death all the time.

(Ilzaam an-Naasib, Pg. 299, New Edition, Vol. 2, Pg. 303)

And there are many traditions that state this matter. However, the worst of the conditions would be witnessed during the advent of Sufyani as mentioned in Biharul Anwar quoting from Ghaibat of Shaykh

Tusi, through the author’s own chain of narrators through Umar bin Aban Kalbi from His Eminence, Sadiq (a.s.) that he said: “As if I can see the Sufyani or a representative of Sufyani camped outside Kufa and his statements are being announced to the people: Anyone who brings a severed head of a Shia of Ali (a.s.) would be rewarded a thousand Dirhams. Then neighbor would attack his neighbor and say: ‘he is from them’, and he would cut off his head and collect a thousand Dirhams. And indeed the rulership and kingdom at that time would not be in the control of anyone except the illegitimate born. As if I can see the veiled one. I asked: ‘Who is the veiled one?’ He replied: ‘He is a man from you who would be talking just like you. He would be veiled and he would identify each of you so that you may be captured, he is not but a bastard.”

557 Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 215

The author of Mikyal says: The advent of Sufyani would be one of the certain occurrences before the reappear ance of His Eminence, Qaim (a.t.f.s.) as mentioned in numerous traditions regarding this matter. Sufyani would be a descendant of Bani Umayyah, curse of Allah be upon them. His real name would Uthman bin Uyyana.

And it is narrated from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that he said: “If you see Sufyani you would have seen the worst of men. His complexion is yellowish and reddish and his eyes are dark (blackish) blue.”

(Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 205)

And it is narrated from Amirul Momineen (a.s.) that he said: “The descendant of Hind, the liver-eater would emerge from the valley of Yabis. He is a man of medium height, terrible in appearance with a huge head and pockmarked face.”

(Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 205)

Detailed matter is present in Biharul Anwar.

When the people of Moosa (a.s.) were lost and wandering in the desert they remained in that condition for many years. When a son was born to them he would have a dress upon himself according to his size like the skin of his body. Tabarsi has mentioned this in Majmaul Bayan

(Majma al-Bayan, Vol. 1, Pg. 117)

The Shias of Qaim (a.s.) would also be such during the period of his reappearance as mentioned in Al-Muhajja from Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) that he said: “When our Qaim arises the earth would be illuminated by the light of its Lord and the people would become needless of the light of the Sun. Nights and days would be same. People would have a lifespan of a thousand years during that period and every year a son would be born to them. And no daughter would be born to them. They would be born wearing a dress which will grow with them and it would change its color as per their wish.”

(Al-Muhajja, Pg. 748)

The Bani Israel was waiting for the reappearance of Moosa (a.s.) as they had been informed that he would make them successful.

The Shias of Qaim (a.s.) are also in anticipation of his reappearance because they have been told that their success and victory is at the hands of His Eminence.

May Allah make us among the helpers, defenders, Shias and awaiters of His Eminence.

Regarding Moosa (a.s.) the Almighty Allah says:

“And certainly We gave the book to Moosa, but it was gone against…”

Surah Hud 11:110:

Tabarsi says in Majmaul Bayan: It implies that the people disputed about it. That is they disputed the veracity of the book that was revealed on him.

Majma al-Bayan, Vol. 5, Pg. 198

The Qaim (a.s.) is also in the same way, such that the Quran that Amirul Momineen (a.s.)

had compiled would be in the possession of Qaim (a.s.) and there would be dispute regarding it.

That which proves this is a tradition quoted in Raudat Kafi from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) that he said regarding the verse:

“And certainly We gave the book to Moosa, but it was gone against…”

Surah Hud 11:110

They disputed about it like this Ummah disputed about the book. And there would be dispute also regarding the book that is in the possession of the Qaim. So much so, that the majority of the people would reject it. They would be brought and he would eliminate them.

(Rauda Kafi, Pg. 287)

And it is mentioned in Biharul Anwar from Shaykh Tusi through his own chain of narrators that His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Sadiq (a.s.) said: “The companions of Moosa (a.s.) were tested by the stream and it is that which the Almighty Allah has said: “Surely Allah will try you with a river…”

(Surah Baqarah 2:249)

The companions of Qaim (a.s.) would also be tested in the same way.

(Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 332)

InshAllah to be continued

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